Not all women here in Singapore know about Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). It is time that you need to be aware of PCOS because it may inflict you. PCOS is a condition in which your progesterone and oestrogen hormones are out of balance. If it is ignored, it can lead to ovarian cyst. PCOS can affect a woman’s appearance, fertility and menstrual cycle.
It is about time that you understand PCOS. Here are the things that you should know about it:
The disappointing thing is that there is no exact cause of this condition however doctors believe that genetics and hormonal imbalances play a major role. In most cases, a woman may develop PCOS if her mother/sister has the condition. Another factor may be the overproduction of androgen hormone. Androgen is actually a male hormone but a woman’s body also produce such. If a woman produces higher levels of androgen, then she can develop PCOS.
The symptoms of PCOS will start after a woman start to menstruate however the severity and the type varies. The common symptom is irregular menstrual periods. You already know that the condition is marked by decrease in female sex hormones. When this happens, a woman tend to develop more male characteristics like thinning hair, decreasing of breast size, deeper voice and excess hair on stomach, chest and even the chest. Other symptoms consist of infertility, acne, anxiety, depression, weight gain and even pelvic pain.
There is no test that can accurately identify PCOS. To make such diagnosis, the doctor will need to evaluate your medical history and consider your symptoms then conduct series of test to rule our possible conditions. Your doctor will accomplish pelvic examination and look if ovaries or clitoris is swollen. Blood tests could also be ordered because it can measure your hormone levels.
You have to know that the treatment is not curative. This means that the treatments will only focus on controlling the symptoms as well as preventing the complications. The least thing that you can do is to maintain a healthy lifestyle. It will start with your diet as well as regular exercise.
PCOS can lead to complications like hypertension, breast cancer, high cholesterol, diabetes, anxiety, depression, heart attack, sleep apnoea and even endometrial cancer. If you are pregnant, you have to be careful because if you have PCOS, you are at risk of miscarriage. The earlier PCOS is treated, the lower your risk of developing such complications.
Although the cases of breast cancer among teenage girls in Singapore is small, it’s never too early to teach your daughter about breast cancer prevention and breast health, especially if you have a history of cancer in your family. To make this process easier and less awkward for you and your daughter, here are some helpful tips on how to discuss breast-related issues with your daughter.
1. Teach By Example
Even if your daughter would never admit it, she’ll look to you for guidance and if she sees you are taking care of your own breasts, it’ll encourage her to take care of hers as well. As a mom, you can teach by demonstrating. You can model an overall healthy lifestyle, exercise, and limit your alcohol intake.
If possible, talk about the disease if it has occurred in a friend or a family member. Discuss about when they should be getting their first breast cancer screening tests, as well as the importance of being aware of the changes happening in their bodies. Remember that making breast cancer a comfortable topic to discuss will raise your daughter’s awareness of the disease and curiosity to learn more about it.
2. Encourage Her to Know Her Breasts
Breast awareness is the key to prevent breast cancer and catch it early enough for a successful treatment. As early as now, your daughter should get to know her breasts and be aware of the changes that’ll occur as she matures. As young girls enter puberty stage, their breasts go through some changes as they start to develop into the mature system of lobes and ducts. Unlike the breasts of older women, young breasts have a lesser proportion of fat compared to breast tissue, making them feel very dense. As she gets older, her breasts will start to become softer and feel looser, especially during and after being pregnant.
Inform your daughter that her breasts will go through such changes throughout her teen and young adult years. But if she happens to detect any unnatural changes in her breasts such as lumps, advise her to seek the help of her healthcare provider in getting breast cancer screening tests.
3. Inform Her About Your Breast Cancer Family History
One of the best things that you can do to protect your daughter from breast cancer is to let her know about any breast cancer history in your family. Make her understand that the disease could be passed on from generation to the next through a variety of mutated genes.
Before doing a screen for breast cancer in Singapore and apart from informing her about the medical history of first-degree relatives, you should also consider informing your child about the medical history of your second- and third-degree relatives. By doing this, your daughter will be able to properly inform her doctor about your family history by the time she undergoes several clinical exams and breast cancer screening Singapore tests.
4. Raise Breast Cancer Awareness Without Using Fear
How you approach your daughter about breast cancer influences her feelings and thoughts about the disease. You certainly wouldn’t want to bring up the issue in a way that keeps her up at night worrying whether or not she has it, particularly given that teenage girls rarely get diagnosed with the disease.
The incidence of breast cancer among teen girls is so small that it isn’t often reported in the national breast cancer statistics. Still, Singapore health experts believe that sensibly talking about the disease will make it less frightening for your daughter and will greatly help in empowering her to be proactive about her own breast health.
5. Urge Her to Join Breast Cancer Awareness Groups and Programs
Although no cure has still been found for breast cancer, early detection and education programs continue to serve as women’s strong defences against the disease. So encourage your daughter to take part in breast cancer awareness groups that push women, young and old alike, to know what is normal for their own breasts and to seek their doctor’s advice regarding any changes in their breasts.
You and your daughter can learn more and help spreading awareness about the disease by getting involved in groups that promote breast cancer campaigns. Through this, women of all ages are able to educate themselves and get their friends involved in their own breast health.
Other Quick Tips to Teen Breast Health
Apart from the aforementioned tips, you can also use the following checklist to teach your daughter about breast cancer and their breast health.
• Encourage her to be aware of her breast health, and to inform you or a doctor if there’s a persistent change in her breasts that just doesn’t feel right.
• Inform your daughter’s physician about your family history of breast cancer, and discuss its risk factors and prevention with your daughter.
• Teach your daughter to make healthy lifestyle choices to reduce her breast cancer risk.
• Motivate her to learn more about the disease so it’ll seem less frightening, and give her the ability to support relatives or friends who are diagnosed with the disease.
• Guide her towards quality books and websites that provide accurate information about breast health and cancer prevention strategies like breast self-exams, regular doctor visit and risk factor reduction
Teaching your daughter about the importance of breast health care and breast cancer prevention will surely keep her safe from the disease, and spread the awareness through her friends. So talk to your child about breast cancer today, and together, take the pledge to know your ‘girls’ more.
Your eyeglasses and sunglasses are important investments. They are as valuable as your watch and jewelry, but more essential especially if you’re wearing prescription glasses.
It’s important to keep your eyewear clean everyday to avoid scratches and other damages. You can wash your eyewear by rinsing them under the tap. Use a drop dishwashing liquid to remove the dirt. Wipe the lenses with clean cloth, preferably microfiber cloth to avoid scratches. You can also use a lens solution. Never use cleaners that are not designed for eyewear like window or gadget cleaners. After washing, dry with cotton cloth or anything that’s made of lint-free soft material. You can also let them air dry if you’re not going to use them right away. Wipe the nosepads, frames and temples gently.
Inspect your glasses everyday before you wear them. Check if the screws are lose. Check for damages in the nosepads, hinges and the temples. Check if the lenses are clean and scratch-free. Wipe them gently with cloth designed for the lenses. Some experts however don’t recommend wiping the lenses when they’re dry. The debris might cause scratches. Don’t use tissue or rough cloth and your shirt to wipe the lenses. The fabric could cause scratches and you’re not even sure if your shirt has dirt on it.
If you’re not using your eyewear, don’t place them just about anywhere. If you have to place them on the table, never place your eyewear with the lens down. Your glasses can be scratched, bent out of shape or even break. Place them inside the case with the lenses facing upward. Always carry your eyewear case and one clean cloth for wiping. Make sure they fit the case properly because it might distort the eyewear. There are microfiber storage pouches if you don’t want to carry a case. There are also accessories for protection of your glasses such as eyewear repair kits, retaining bands for active users, chain or cord which can be attached to the temples or hinges, and storage clips where you can safely place your glasses.
While you can tighten the loose screws in your eyewear, it’s impossible to repair the damages at home by yourself. Some stores sell eyeglass repair kits. If your eyewear has a warranty, you can also avail of that. If your prescription glasses are damaged, it might be time to have them changed. It’s also important to go for an eye checkup with your ophthalmologist at least once a year so that your lenses are updated. You might not notice that you’re prescription glasses are already outdated. If you have headaches, eye strain, and neck pains more often, perhaps you need an updated eyewear. The doctor can also check your eyewear if the frame also needs replacement. Remember that the ophthalmologist specializes in eye and vision. An optometrist isn’t a doctor but can prescribe lenses and do tests. Opticians design and assemble glasses.
Having to live with allergic rhinitis is a pain. When you wake up in the morning the first thing you do is sneeze. When you go out, your nose feels like it’s blocked. Some people even ask why you always have a cold.
It gets worse when you’re locked in a room where fresh air can’t circulate. You always have to have something to wipe your nose on, nasal spray, a face mask and the ever-reliable over-the-counter antihistamines for allergies.
What Are the Symptoms?
The reaction to contact with allergen is almost immediate. Your nose starts to itch. Any part of your face could also start to itch like your eyes, throat and mouth. People with allergic rhinitis tend to have puffy eyes as well.
You’d have difficulty smelling because your nose is stuffy. You’d start to sneeze, have runny nose and your eyes will water. Sometimes you’d cough especially if your nose is too congested that the mucus has no other way out except through your throat.
Remember that your nasal passages are also connected to your throat as well as your ears. Some people experience difficulty in hearing and sore throat as a consequence. Clogged nose and ears could cause headache because it upsets the balance on your head.
What Should I Avoid?
When allergies run in your family, there’s a small chance of avoiding it. Sometimes all it takes is for one parent to pass on that trait to the children.
The most common allergens are pollen, dust mites, mold spores, flakes of skin, and even saliva and urine from animals.
Looking at that list, you’d naturally want to avoid body products that are scented, loose powder that can irritate your nose, as well as flowers, cigarette smoke, sprays, fumes, and wood smoke. If you have to go out, always take a face mask with you to minimize contact and bring an emergency kit that contains all that you need like antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal spray.
When not managed properly, it can lead to sinusitis, ear infections and nasal polyps.
What Should I Do?
There is no treatment for allergic rhinitis. The best way to reduce the symptoms is to avoid the causes as much as possible. Make sure to go for a check-up so that the doctor can prescribe medication for other conditions like asthma and other types of allergies. Remember that allergies can run in the families so other types of allergies may also be present.
Always have antihistamines and a nasal spray ready. Clean your nasal passages everyday using a saline solution. Gargle with water and salt if you have a sore throat. Keep a stock of decongestants and corticosteroids for severe symptoms.
Keep your house always clean and well-ventilated. Remember to use a mask when you clean to avoid inhaling dirt and dust. If you have pets, train them not to sit on the chairs and bed. They should have an area of their own for sleeping and eating. Groom them regularly to reduce shedding.
With the recent advances in the HIV testing and treatment, persons diagnosed with the disease now have the reason to be more hopeful with their future. Surely, treating the virus will still be challenging, and there are several factors to be considered to maintain a good health. Still, by properly caring for yourself and getting the right medical care for your needs, you’ll surely be able to live the life you want. So don’t let following HIV treatment mistakes get in your way. Learn about them, as well as the ways on how you can completely avoid them.
1. Not Asking for Medical Care from an HIV Specialist
Health experts trained in infectious diseases such as HIV know their field well. Not only are they up-to-date on research, they’re also well-suited to track any changes and address concerns that may cause problems with your treatment plan. Even after confirming their illness through HIV testing, most people still don’t seek anonymous hiv tests from Singapore HIV specialists due to concerns about ability to pay or the worry that there may not be an effective treatment available. However, HIV support programs are available in every state of Singapore to ensure that the affected individuals receive effective treatment regardless of their capacity to pay.
2. Not Following Your Prescribed HIV Treatment Plan
Taking medicines on a daily basis is difficult, but regular medication intake is crucial in HIV care than in most health conditions. Ingesting medicines 90 percent of the time is essential for preventing drug resistance and treatment failure. Drug side effects, costs and depression are just some of the reason you may be tempted to stop following your treatment plan. If you ever encounter any of these difficulties, then consider reaching out to your doctor or a social worker. There are some proven programs that may help you stay on track with regards your treatment plan.
3. Forgetting to Take Your Medications
After getting the results of your HIV screening, it’s crucial that you take all doses of your medicines to maintain a low HIV viral load. Skipping a dose of it will only give the virus a chance to multiply throughout your body, enabling it to mutate to a drug resistant virus. When that occurs, your medication may no longer be effective against the disease. Using calendars, pillboxes, and mobile applications is a good way to remind you of your medication schedule. Having a relative or a friend help you monitor your medicine intake will be beneficial as well.
4. Failing to Inform Your Doctor About Treatment Challenges
Your doctor is always there to address your concerns and respond to your queries. If you experience challenges with your HIV treatment plan, whether it’s related with medication cost, schedule, or side effects, or you emotional state of mind, they are the people you may talk to and help you succeed. You may even ask your doctor to refer you to a social worker, or a medical centre in your area in Singapore capable of giving you the medical services you need.
5. Not Notifying your Doctor about Your HIV Symptoms
If your HIV symptoms flare, it simply means that your treatment plan isn’t working effectively. This is the reason why it’s crucial to let your doctor know about it so he or she can test your viral load and adjust your treatment plan accordingly. The virus is capable of mutating inside your body and become drug resistant over time, but don’t let this discourage you as there are other medication options available to treat HIV.
6. Taking Particular Dietary Supplements
Your HIV treatment regimen is composed of several medications that support one another – but adding a dietary supplement into this mix may cause some problems. For instance, using St. John’s wort while taking HIV medications may cause the latter to be less effective, and increase your risk of developing drug resistance. So before you consider taking any dietary supplement, do consult your doctor first to ensure that there are no risks for adverse interactions in your medicines.
7. Not Regularly Visiting Your Dentist
Getting a positive anonymous HIV test puts you at a greater risk for advanced tooth and gum disease. If your immune system is compromised due to an oral infection, it may lead to other health problems. So practise good oral hygiene on a daily basis by flossing and brushing, and do visit your dentist every six months. Remember that having a good dental care promotes a good overall health.
8. Using Drugs or Alcohol
Drinking alcohol in excess weakens the immune system, and a weakened immune system often have a harder time fending off infections. Aside from that, it also increases your risk of experiencing side effects from the medications. Smoking marijuana irritates the lungs, making you more susceptible to infections like pneumonia.
Alcohol and drugs affect the liver the most since it’s the clearinghouse of all the chemical wastes in your body including prescription medications and recreational drugs. Overworking your liver through excessive drug and alcohol use will only cause it to function ineffectively and may even leave you feeling weak.
Living with HIV can be very challenging, but by undergoing proper treatment you’ll definitely be able to maintain your health and live a long, productive life. So don’t let the aforementioned mistakes get in the way of your successful HIV treatment.
As 2016 comes to an end, it’s also the time you start making those resolutions that you might or might not stick to. Fashion-wise though, we got you covered. Here, we listed down five doable deeds you can consider for your sartorial well-being. After all, a New Year means a fresh start and your wardrobe isn’t exempted from that.
- Swap Your Skinny Jeans for Denim Pants
Believe us, we understand the appeal of figure-flattering skinny jeans, but maybe it’s time that you give your own pair of skinny jeans a break. There are tons of on-trend denim options available out there, just waiting to be explored. We recommend keeping a 70s wide-leg silhouette, a classic straight-cut denim or a chic cropped flare in your wardrobe.
- Master the Art of Layering
It’s completely possible to pull-off a layered ensemble even if you live in a country with a tropical climate like Singapore. You can simply tuck your lace blouse under your favourite romper, throw your sleeveless coat over your off-shoulder top, or layer a sheer t-shirt dress over a pleated midi. Make the most out of your clothing pieces by wearing them under or over each other.
- Wear More Colour
If you also love wearing clothing pieces set in black, grey and white colour, why not consider mixing a hint of colour into your wardrobe in 2017. It’s a resolution that we’re even willing to take on, so be sure to add a hint of pink, green or red to your ensemble next year.
- Invest in Timeless Clothing Pieces
Instead of purchasing trendy items, invest in clothing pieces that you’ll wear until you’re old, and subsequently pass down to your children. Some of the good suggestions include the Cartier Love bracelet, a Mansur Gavriel bucket bag and a pair of black Louboutin pumps. You definitely won’t regret investing in these classic pieces.
- Start Showing Off Some Skin
This doesn’t mean that you should bare it all – there are classy and stylish ways on how you can show some skin. For instance, you can wear a one-shoulder clothing piece or a back-baring top. You could even completely cover up your body, but in a peek-a-boo and suggestive sheer. In fact, even a long-sleeved, high-necked dress can ooze some innuendo if done using a body-skimming fabric.
Staying stylish throughout the years is actually quite easy if you just know what fashion tricks to dump and to follow. To be sure that your 2017 becomes as fashionable as your 2016, ensure that you include the aforementioned deeds to your New Year’s resolution.
We all have that one relative who makes us cringe during holiday get-togethers – that the thought that they won’t make it to your reunion is so relieving you could throw a party. Yet, being around difficult relatives actually help us learn more about ourselves, and we’re just willing to learn from these people, they could help us become better and more mature individuals. To help make this process a bit easier for you, we listed down some helpful tips on how you can deal with that one family member that you’d rather not see on the holiday dinner this year.
- Identify What Makes Them Annoying
Is your relative a bully, devious or pompous? Perhaps he or she has a personality problem. But whatever the problem is, make sure that you identify and label it. Although it’s never a good idea to box people into categories, labelling the problem with your relative could help you see their behaviour more objectively, and create a healthy distance between you and that person. Just make sure that you wouldn’t mindlessly share this label with that person or you’ll end up experiencing a full-force blow out.
- Know Their Background
Taking an emphatic stance is another way of minimizing your negative attitude towards a difficult relative. Do you know why he became difficult? Perhaps he experienced a challenging childhood; maybe they felt misunderstood and coped through lashing out. Whatever the reason is, knowing a little bit about them will certainly shed some light as to why he behaves that way, making him actions more tolerable.
- Invite a Close Friend
Bracing yourself for an intense exchange with a difficult relative? If so, invite a friend who understands your situation. If your friend can’t support you in person, then call him or her instead. When the tension starts running high, having someone who you can bounce your feelings off can help in easing your negativity and making you feel more equipped to handle any drama.
- Laugh It Off
Use your humour to handle difficult relatives who would otherwise have you wanting to throw down. Some psychologists even recommend using silent humour so you can avoid internalizing the negative comments that your difficult relatives are saying. For instance, if your cousin is known for undercutting you, pretend that he’s a stranger who just found his way to your get-together. It can be difficult to feel irritated when you throw humour in the mix; plus, it’ll give your difficult relative less control over your actions.
It’s still possible to enjoy your family gathering even if you’re interacting with a difficult relative. Simply putting these tips to work will surely help you deal with that person, while enjoying the holiday season with the rest of your family.
Why should you hire professional builders for your home remodelling project? There’s nothing wrong taking on construction projects on your own, but that is, if you believe you have the skills and the necessary experience. There are homeowners who, in hopes of saving money, regret remodelling their home on their own as they only ended up spending more. Even if you’re only tackling small projects inside your home, you still would enjoy several benefits from working with licensed builders. Here are a few of them.
Technical expertise. No matter how familiar you are with your own home, you will find corners or areas that would require handling by professionals. Whatever issues you encounter along the way, from plumbing to electrical wiring, they have someone on the team who can take care of that. You get to avoid costly mistakes because people working on your home know exactly what they’re doing. You avoid guessing, and you only purchase materials that are required for the job. You need not even provide for the equipment because they have it already. You can trust that the project will be handed to you with top-notch quality.
Saving time. If you are to work on the construction project yourself, you will have to spend a lot of time, from looking into the tiniest of details to studying the bigger picture. You need to think carefully which materials to invest in, along with the impact of any installation, you’re looking to do with the overall home structure or mechanical and electrical system. These areas shouldn’t be rushed because safety is at risk. You might need to take days off work or any other commitments you may have. Skilled builders, on the other hand, will know exactly how to approach and solve the problem they’d encounter. You no longer have to find the solution yourself. They have your back covered.
Working around limitations. Professional builders will help you find ways on how you can achieve the final results you want, within the price you can only afford. They can offer suggestions that have worked with other clients with concerns similar to yours. You can maximise the available space and make sure that every corner of your home has both beauty and functionality.
Home remodelling projects can be expensive depending on the changes or improvements you need done. You’d want to make sure that you will no longer have to deal with repairs once the project has already been handed over to you. Only professional builders would be able to guarantee you a home remodelling project is done right, the first time.
You are trying to figure out which hairstyle fits your ultimate goal – to look slimmer. You scoured the magazines and still to no avail. The good news is that there are hairstyles that will make you look slimmer. Here are some hairstyles that can guarantee you will look awesomely slim:
- Asymmetrical bob: In asymmetrical bob, imagine a shorter back and longer front. It should begin around the nape of your neck at the back and finishes 2 inches below your chin. The perfect epitome of this hairstyle is Victoria Beckham. This hairstyle is perfect for people who are thinking of maintaining hair easily. It can elongate your neck.
- Layers: You have been living with a uniform length of hair. While there is nothing wrong with that, it can make your face look fuller. The best thing to do is to put some layers to soften your face’s roundness. Particularly ask for layers near your cheekbones as it will focus on your bone structure. If you have problems with thinning, the best hairstyle is to add more layers at the top of the head.
- Long shag: If you are round faced, the ideal hairstyle is shoulder length or maybe longer. The highlight here is your bangs. The bangs should be side swept.
- Parting: Another hairstyle for round faced to look slimmer is diagonal side parting. This will surely emphasize your cheekbones. The trick is to make it look like your face is long so try parting it on the opposite side of your usual part.
- Highlights: Your highlights can also help you look younger and slimmer. Do not opt for dark colours instead consider subtle or light ones.
Additional guidelines: For heart-shaped people, do not consider center parting because it will only make your face rounder. You should keep in mind that when the haircut finishes straight at your chin, your face will surely look wider and shorter. Always consider haircut that is little longer or shorter if you prefer.
So the next time you go to a salon, make sure to instruct the stylist of a particular hairstyle. It helps to look good here in Singapore and there is nothing wrong with that. If you feel confident and happy with a specific hairstyle even if it does not make you look slimmer, you should pursue it.
Oh, do not forget to look for vertical designs in clothing. Your clothing can also have an effect on how you look.
Working here in Singapore is hectic and stressful especially if you are new in the industry. The good news is that it will get easier as you go along armed with the knowledge and understanding of inner calmness. Your ultimate goal amidst chaos should be inner calmness. If you mastered inner calmness, nothing or no one can bring you down. Remember that.
You should begin with some easy exercises. What are some exercises that invite inner calmness? Here are some examples that might interest you:
Yoga – If you have the time, yoga should be practiced as it can teach you a lot of things but basically all about meditation and focus. If you do not have time, the least that you can do is practice the vipariti kirani yoga. This is a pose wherein you lie on the floor and then putting your feet against the wall. This pose will give you a good stretch.
Run – Many Singaporeans attest to the effectiveness of running when you feel stressed and anxious. However not all people have the time to do this. If you cannot run outside, the least that you can do is to run in place. Running in place for minutes will help the body pump endorphins. Endorphins can help you during your low times.
Stretch – You did not notice until your back ached – you had been working nonstop. Staying in one position for a long time will tense the muscles which is not good. You should at least stand up and do stretching. The stretching should be done many times as it can relieve tension of the muscle and invite relaxation.
Quick walk – There are times that you just want to walk away with everything and just see where it ends. That is not a good thing to do. You can decide to walk away in just a split second but the impact will surely last a lifetime. Do yourself a favor by taking a quick walk outside the office. Taking a quick walk away from the source or trigger of your stress can help clear your mind and ease tension. Strolling or quick walk can give you time to gather all your thoughts.
Dance – You may not be a good dancer but dancing actually can help ease the anxiety or stress you are feeling. Just do not mind the step and let yourself be carried away with the music.
When things get messy that you do not invite inner calmness at all, it is time that you face the trigger or the source.